25
2018
05

英语学习 必须掌握的1920个固定搭配

A

ability to do sth 做某事的能力

be able to do sth 能做某事

What about ...?  ……怎么样?

How about ...? ……怎么样?

be about to do sth 正要做某事

above all 最重要的是;尤其是

absent from 缺席……

by accident 偶然;意外地

act as 担任;充当;起……作用

act out 把……表演出来;将……付诸行动

take action 采取行动

be active in (doing) sth 在 (做) 某事方面活跃

add to 增加;增添

add up 把……加起来

add up to 合计达

in addition 另外

in addition to 除……之外

take advantage of 利用

advise sb to do sth 建议某人做某事

advise doing sth 建议做某事

afford to do sth 承担得起做某事

be afraid of (doing) sth 害怕/担心(做)某事

be afraid to do sth 不敢做某事

I'm afraid 恐怕;很遗憾

after all 毕竟;终究再

again and again 再三地;反复地

at the age of 在……岁时

long (long) ago  很久以前

a long time ago 很久以前

agree to do sth 同意做某事

agree on 对……达成一致

agree to 赞同;赞成(计划等)

agree with  同意;赞同(意见等)

come alive 活泼起来;生动起来

all in all 总而言之

in all 总共

not at all 根本不;一点也不;不客气

allow sb to do sth 允许某人做某事

It’s all right. 没事的;没关系

That’s all right. 没关系。/ 不用谢。

leave / let sb alone 不打扰某人;不管某人

leave / let sth alone  不要动某物

along with 与…一起

be angry about / at / over sth 因为某事生气

be angry at / with sb about / for sth 因为某事生某人的气

one after another 一个接一个

one another 互相;彼此

anything but 决不;根本不

the apple of sb’s eye 某人的掌上明珠;某人的心肝宝贝

arrive at 到达(小地点)

arrive in 到达(大地点)

as for sb / sth 至于某人/某物

as if 似乎;好像

as though 似乎;好像

as to sth 关于某事

as ... as ... 像……一样……

not as / so ... as ... 不像……一样……

ask sb to do sth 请求做某事

fall asleep 入睡;睡着

attract attention of 吸引……的注意

draw attention to 吸引对……的注意

pay attention to 注意

avoid doing sth 避免做某事


B

back to back 背靠背

be bad at doing sth 不擅长做某事

be bad for 对……有害

there be 有

because of 因为;由于

go to bed 上床睡觉

get out of bed 起床

make the bed 铺床

before long 不久

long before 很早以前

begin doing / to do sth 开始做某事

to begin with 首先;第一

at / in / from the beginning 在开始的时候

at the beginning of 在……开始

believe in sb / sth 信任某人 / 相信某事物的存在

believe it or not 信不信由你

at best 顶多;充其量

do / try ones best 尽力而为

it is / would be better to do sth 做某事是更好的

had better (not) 最好(不要)

between ... and ... 在……和……之间

between you and me [口语]你我私下说说

in between 在中间

ride a bike / by bike 骑自行车

give birth to 生 (孩子);产 (仔)

a bit of 一点儿;稍微

a bit of a 有点儿

quite a bit (of) 不少(……);大量的(……)

blow down 刮倒

blow out 吹灭

blow up 给……吹气

on board 在 / 上船 / 火车 / 飞机上

go boating 去划船

body language 体态语

be bored with 对……感到厌倦

be born in 出生于

borrow ... from … 从……借……

both ... and ... 两个都;既……又……

a bottle of 一瓶……

at the bottom of 在……底部

from the bottom of ones heart 衷心地;发自内心地

a bowl of 一碗……

break ones word 食言

broke a promise 违背诺言

break the world record 打破世界纪录

break away(from) 离开 (……);脱离 (……)

break down (汽车、机器等) 出故障;分解

break into 强行闯入;突然……起来

break off 中断

break out 突然爆发

break up (使) 破碎;(使) 破裂

take / have a break 休息一下

have breakfast 吃早餐

bring about 引起;造成

bring along 带来

bring back 把……带回来;使回忆起;使恢复

bring in 引入

bring out 把……拿出来;使表现出

bring up 抚养;养育;提出 (供讨论)

broken English 蹩脚的英语

build on 建立在……之上;以……为基础

build up 逐步建立;增强

be of medium / average build 中等身材

burn down (使) 烧成平地;烧毁

burn off 烧掉;消耗 (能量)

get on / get off a bus 上 / 下公共汽车

take / ride a bus / by bus 乘公共汽车

catch / miss a bus 赶上 / 未赶上公共汽车

wait for a bus 等公共汽车

do business 做生意

on business (因公) 出差

be busy with sth 忙于某事

be busy doing sth 忙于做某事


C

B

a piece of cake 一块蛋糕;很容易做到的事

call back 回电话

call off 取消

call on / upon 号召;要求

call up 打电话给

make a call 打电话

answer a call 接电话

a summer camp 夏令营

Can I help you? / What can I do for you?  我能为您效劳吗?

take care 注意,当心

take care of 照顾,照料

care about sth 注意

care about sb 关心;关怀

care for 照顾;照料

be careful about / of / with 当心……

be careful (not) to do sth 当心(不要)做某事

be careless about / with 对……粗心大意

carry on 继续进行;开展

carry out 执行;实行

catch a cold 感冒

be / get caught in 处于困境;遭遇

catch sb’s eye 引起某人的注意

catch up (with) 赶上(……);追上(……)

cause ... to do sth 导致……做某事

in the center of 在……中间

be certain to do sth 肯定做某事

be certain about / of sth 对某事有把握

chance (for sb) to do sth (某人) 做某事的机会

chance of (doing) sth (做)某事的可能性

by chance 碰巧;意外地

change (from ...) to / into … (从……)变成……

change ... into / to … 把……变成……

change sth with sb 与某人交换某物

change … for … 用……交换……

check in (at) (在旅馆、机场等) 登记;报到

check into 登记入住 (旅馆或私立医院)

check out 调查;核实;结账离开

cheer up (使) 振作起来;(使) 高兴起来

have no choice (but to do sth) 别无选择 (只好做某事)

make a choice 作选择

choose from 从……挑选

choose to do sth 选择做某事

choose sb as / for / to be 把某人选作……

go to the cinema 去电影院

have a class 上课

in / after class 课上 / 课下

clean up  (把……) 打扫干净

clear up (天气) 转晴;清理

close down 关闭;停业

be close to 靠近……

be close to doing sth 几乎就要做某事

come to do sth 来做某事

come across 偶然遇到;碰见

come along 跟着来;出现

come back 回来

come by 顺路拜访

come down 下来;下降

come from 出生于;来自;产自

come in 进来

come on 快点;加油

come out 出来;出版;发行

come out of 从……出来

come over 来访;拜访

come up (to sb) 走近 (某人);靠近 (某人)

come up with 想出;提出

when it comes to (doing) sth 说到 (做) 某事

it is common (for sb) to do sth (某人)做某事很常见

have ... in common (with) (与……) 有……共同之处

communicate with 与……交流

compare A to / with B 把A同B作比较

give / have / hold a concert  举办音乐会

in conclusion 最后;总之

in (a) good / bad condition 处于良好的 / 糟糕的状态

connect ... to / with / and 把……与……连接起来 / 联系起来

consider doing sth 考虑做某事

consider ... (as / to be) ...  认为……是……

continue doing / to do sth 继续做某事

be in control of 控制……;管理……

lose control of / over 对……失去控制;无法控制住……

out of control 不受控制;失去控制

take control of 控制;支配

under control 受控制;受支配

cool down / off (使) 变凉;(使) 冷却:(使) 冷静;(使) 平静

(just) around / round the corner 在附近;即将来临

cost sb sth 花费某人多少钱

cost sth to do sth 花费金钱做某事 

count down 倒计时;倒数

in the country 在乡下

a couple of 一对;几个

courage to do sth 做某事的勇气

of course (not) 当然 (不)

be crazy about 对……着迷;热衷于……

cry out 大声叫喊 

get / have one’s hair cut  理发

cut down 砍倒:减少;缩减

cut in line 插队

cut off 切掉;切断

cut out 剪下;(从文字作品、文章中)删掉;剪出

cut up 切碎;割碎



D

in danger (of) 处于 (……的) 危险中

out of danger 脱离危险

be a danger to 对……是个威胁

be dangerous for / to sb 对某人是危险的

it is dangerous (for sb) to do sth (某人)做某事是危险的

out of date 过时的;陈旧的

up to date 最新的

date back to 追溯到;远在……年代

all day (long) 一整天

(all) day and (all) night 整日整夜地; 日日夜夜地

day after day 日复一日地

day by day 一天天地;逐日地

one day (过去或将来的) 某一天

some day (将来) 总有一天;(日后) 某一天

the other day 前几天;前不久

these days 现在;如今

to this day 至今

a great / good deal 大量;很多

a great / good deal of 大量的;很多的

a big deal 没什么大不了的;重要的事情

deal with 处理;对付;应付

decide to do sth 决定做某事

decide on / upon 决定;选定

make a decision to do sth 决定做某事

depend on 依靠;依赖; 由……决定;取决于

It / That (all) depends 那得看情况

develop into 发展成

with the development of 随着……的发展

die down 逐渐变弱;逐渐降低

die from 死于

die of 死于

die out 灭绝;消失

make a difference 有影响;有作用

be different from 与……不同

It is difficult (for sb) to do sth (某人)做某事有困难

have difficulty (in) doing sth 做某事有困难

dig up 掘起;开垦 (荒地)

have dinner 吃饭

in the direction of 朝着……方向

disagree with 不同意……;与……意见不一致

discuss sth with sb 与某人讨论某事

have a discussion about 讨论……

dislike doing sth 不喜欢做某事

divide sth into 把某物分成……

do with 处置

do without 没有……也行;将就

have something to do with 与……有关

(from) door to door 挨家挨户地

out of doors 在户外;露天

no doubt 无疑;很可能

without doubt 毫无疑问;的确

dream about / of 梦见……

dress sb 给某人穿衣服

dress up (给……) 穿上盛装;(给……) 乔装打扮

drive away 驱车离开;赶跑

drop by 顺便访问

drop in 顺便走访

drop off 顺便把……送到某处;让……下车

drop out (of) 退学; 辍学

dry up (河流、湖泊等) 干涸

on duty 值班



E

each other 互相;彼此

be all ears 全神贯注地听;洗耳恭听

turn a deaf ear 不愿听

on earth  究竟;到底

it (is) easy (for sb) to do sth (某人)做某事很容易

take it easy  别紧张;放松;不急

eat out  外出就餐

eat up 吃完;耗尽

educate sb to do sth 教育某人做某事

physical education (P.E.) 体育

either ... or ... 或者……或者……;要么……要么……

encourage sb to do sth 鼓励某人做某事

at the end of  在……的末梢;在……的尽头

by the end of  到……末为止

come to an end 告终;结束;完结

in the end  最后;终于

end in 以……结尾;以……告终

end up 最终处于;最终成为

enjoy doing sth 享受做某事

enjoy oneself 过得开心;玩得愉快

enough to do sth 足够做某事

enter ... into ... 把……输入到……

even if / though 即使;虽然

even so 尽管如此;即使那样

in the evening 在晚上

ever since 自从;从……以后

every day 每天

be / mean everything (to sb) (对某人来说) 是最重要的 / 意味着一切

take an exam 参加考试

pass an exam 通过考试

for example 例如

except for 除了……外;除去

be excited about / at / by sth 对某事感到兴奋

be excited to do sth 做某事很兴奋

excuse sb for (doing) sth 原谅某人(做)某事

excuse me  劳驾;对不起;抱歉

do / take exercise  锻炼;做运动

do exercises  做体操;做练习

expect (...) to do sth 期望……做某事

explain (sth) to sb 向某人解释(某事)

express oneself 表达自己的感情 / 思想

in sb’s eyes  在某人看来

keep an eye on 照看;注意



F

face to face 面对面地;面对着地

in the face of 面对;不顾

lose face 丢脸;失面子

make faces / a face 做鬼脸

as a matter of fact  事实上

in fact 事实上;实际上

fail to do sth 未能做某事

fall from 从……落下

fall behind 落在 (……) 后面;跟不上

fall down 跌倒;倒塌

fall off (从……) 掉下;跌落

fall over 被……绊倒;倒下

be famous for 因……而著名

be famous as 作为……而著名

How far…? ……多远?

as far as 到……那么远;一直到

as far as I know / as far as I can remember / see 据我所知 / 我记得 / 依我看

far from 远非;完全不

so far  迄今为止

for fear of (doing) sth 生怕 (做) 某事;以免 (做) 某事

fear to do / doing sth 害怕做某事

feed on 以……为食

feed … with 用……喂……

feed … to 喂……给……

feel sb / sth doing sth 感觉某人或某物在做某事

feel sb / sth do sth 感觉某人或某物做某事

feel at home 感觉自在;无拘束

feel like (doing) sth 想要某物;想做某事

have a fever 发烧

a few 几个;少数

quite a few 相当多

fight against 与……作斗争

fight for 为……而战;为……奋斗

fight back  反击

fill (sth) with sth 用某物充满(某物)

fill in / out 填充;填写

fill up (使) 充满;装满

find sb sth / find sth for sb 帮某人找到某物

find sb / sth doing sth 发现某人/某物在做某事

find out 查明;弄清 (情况)

finish doing sth 做完某事

catch fire 着火

on fire 着火

set ... on fire / set fire to 使……燃烧;放火烧……

for the first time 初次;第一次

at first  起先;开始的时候

come first  首要;第一;首先要考虑的

first of all 首先;第一

put ... first 认为……最重要;把……放在第一位

be fit to do 适合做某事

be fit for 适合……

fit in (with) 适合;(与……) 合得来;适应

fix up 修理好

as follows 如下

at the foot of  在……脚下;在……末尾

force sb to do sth 强迫某人做某事

forget doing sth 忘记做过某事

forget to do sth 忘记要做某事

be free to do sth 自行做某事

free from / of 不受……影响的;摆脱了……的;无……的

set ... free  使获得自由;释放

be friendly to / towards sb 对某人友好

be friendly with sb 与某人友好相处

in front of 在……前面;在……面前

in the front (of) 在 (……内的) 前部

(be) full of 充满……的;富于……的

for / in fun 为了玩乐;闹着玩地

have fun 作乐;玩乐;玩得高兴

make fun of  取笑;拿……开玩笑

in future 今后

in the (near) future 在 (不久的) 将来



G

in general 大体上;总的说来

generally speaking  一般来说;总的来说

get sb / sth doing sth 使/让某人或某物做某事

get sb / sth to do sth 使/让某人或某物做某事

get sth done 让某事被做;让他人做某事

get doing sth 开始做某事

get to do sth 开始/渐渐做某事

get along / on (with) (与……)相处融洽;进展

get away (from) 离开;摆脱

get back  回来;返回;取回

get down (从……)下来

get in 进入;(飞机、火车等)抵达

get into 进入;陷入;养成(习惯)

get off  下车;脱下(衣服等)

get on  上车 / 马

get out (of) (从……)出去;离开;摆脱

get over 越过 (墙等);克服(困难等)

get through 通过;(电话)打通

get together 聚集;相聚一处

get up 起床;起立 

give sb sth / give sth to sb 给某人某物/把某物给某人

give away 送掉;赠送;泄露

give back 归还

give in 让步;屈服

give off 发出(气味、光、热等)

give out 分发

give up 放弃

be glad to do sth 很高兴做某事

I would be glad if ... 如果……我会非常感激

a glass of 一杯……

be going to do sth 打算做某事;将要发生某事

go about 从事;忙于;开始做

go after  跟随;追赶

go against 违反;违背

go ahead (经过计划或允许后)开始做 / 进行;[用于祈使句]请吧;说吧;做吧

go around / round  四处走动

go away 走开;离开;外出

go back (to) 回去

go by 过去;走过

go down  下去;下落;下降

go for 努力获取

go in for 参加;从事

go off 离去;发出声响;爆炸;(机器或设备)停止运转

go on 发生;进行; 继续

go on with sth 继续某事

go on doing sth 继续做原来的事

go on to do sth 继续做其他事

go out 出去;外出; (灯火等)熄灭

go over 仔细检查;温习

go through 穿过;经历;通过;仔细检查

go up (温度、价格等)上升;增长

go with  陪……一起去;与……相配

go without  没有……也行

go wrong  出毛病;失败

be good at (doing) sth 擅长(做)某事

it is no good (doing sth)  (做某事)没有用处

do good (to)  (对……)有益

do sb good  对某人有好处

in groups 成组地

a group of 一群……

grow into 长成;变成

grow up  长大



H

be in the habit of  有……的习惯

have a / the habit of 有……的习惯

break / get out of the habit of 改掉……的习惯

develop / fall into / form / get into the habit of 养成……的习惯

at hand 即将到来;在手边

by hand 用手工

hand in hand 手拉手;连在一起地

on hand 在手头;现有

on the one hand ... on the other(hand) 一方面……,另一方面

hand sb sth / hand sth to sb 递给某人某物

hand down 把……传下来

hand in 提交;交上

hand out 把……拿出来;分发

hand over 移交;交出

hang on 握住不放;不要挂断(电话)

hang out 常去某处;泡在某处

hang up 挂断(电话)

happen to do sth 碰巧做某事

happen to sb / sth (尤指不愉快的事)发生在某人 / 某物上

it (so) happens that / as it happens 碰巧;正巧

be happy to do sth 很高兴做某事

be happy for sb 为某人高兴

be happy about / with 对……满意

be hard to do sth 很难做某事

be hard for sb to do sth 某人很难做某事

hardly ever 很少;几乎从不

hardly ... when 刚……就

do harm to / do ... harm 伤害……;对……有害

hate doing / to do sth 讨厌做某事

hate sb to do / doing sth 讨厌 / 不喜欢某人做某事

have sb do sth 让某人做某事

have sth done 让某事被做;让他人做某事

have (got) on 穿着

have to 不得不

head for 朝……方向走

be in good / poor health 身体好 / 差

hear sb / sth do sth 听见某人 / 某物做某事

be heard to do sth 被听见做某事

hear sb / sth doing sth 听见某人 / 某物正在做某事

hear sth done 听到某事被做

hear about 听说(……的情况)

hear from 接到……的来信;得到……的消息

hear of 听说;得知

break sb's heart 使某人伤心

by heart 单凭记忆;能背诵

lose heart 灰心

with all one's heart 全心全意地

heat up 变热;加热

help (sb) with sth 帮助(某人)某事

help (to) do sth 帮忙做某事

help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

cannot help (doing) sth / cannot help but do sth 忍不住做某事

help oneself (to) 自用(食物等);擅自取用(……)

help (sb) out 帮助(某人)克服困难;帮 (某人)一把

be of help 有帮助的

with sb's help / with the help of sb 在某人的帮助下;借助某人

it is helpful (for sb) to do sth 做某事(对某人)有帮助

be helpful in doing sth ……对做某事有帮助

be helpful to sb ……对某人有益

here and there 到处;处处

here it is / here they are 给你;在这儿

here we are (我们)到了

here we go (某事)开始了

here you are 给你

sb / sth is here to do sth 某人 / 某物的职责 / 用途是做某事

think / speak highly of 对……高度评价

hold a concert / meeting / party 开演唱会 / 召开会议 / 举行聚会

hold back 抑制(感情等)

hold on 抓着……不放;坚持;[电话用语]别挂断;等一下

hold out 伸出(手 / 胳膊);递出

hold the line 别挂断;等会儿

hold up 使耽搁;阻延

catch / get / take hold of 抓住

on holiday 度假

be / feel at home 舒适自在;不拘束

do one's homework 做作业

to be honest 老实说

hope to do sth 希望做某事

in the hope of / in hopes that / in the hope that 抱着……的希望

get off one's high horse 放下架子

in (the) hospital 住院

do the housework 做家务

how about ...? ……怎么样?

how can / could sb do sth? 某人怎么能做某事呢?

how come (...)? 怎么会(……的)?

hundreds of 数以百计的;许多

go hungry 挨饿

be hungry for sth 渴望……

in a / one's hurry 匆忙;急于

hurry to do sth 急于做某事

hurry up 快点;赶快



I

have / get an idea 有 / 想到一个主意

It’s a good idea to do sth 做某事是个不错的主意

have no idea 不知道/不了解

ideas about sth 对……的看法

if so 如果这样的话

become / fall / get ill 生病

imagine (sb) doing sth 想象(某人)做某事

it is important (for sb) to do sth 做某事(对某人)很重要

it’s impossible (for sb) to do sth 做某事(对某人)是不可能的

in one’s twenties / thirties ... 在某人二十几岁时 / 三十几岁时……

increase by 增加;上涨

increase to 增加到;上涨到

on the increase 正在增加

have influence on / upon sb/sth 对……有影响

a piece of information 一则消息

information about / on 关于……的信息

instead of 代替;而不是

instructions on sth ……的说明

lose interest (in sth) (对……失去)兴趣

out of interest 出于兴趣

have an interest in 对……有兴趣

show interest in 对……表现出兴趣

take an interest in sth 对……感兴趣

be of no interest (to sb) (对某人来说)毫无趣味

places of interest 有趣的地方;名胜古迹

(be) interested to do sth 有兴趣做某事

(be) interested in (doing) sth 对做某事感兴趣

it is interesting to do sth 做某事很有趣

on the Internet 在网上

go for the job interview 参加求职面试

interview sb about sth 采访某人某事

introduce sb / sth (to sb) 把……介绍(给某人)

introduce sth (to / into sth) 把……引进……

a letter of introduction 介绍信

make the introductions 做介绍

invite sb to sth 邀请某人去……

invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事

on an island 在岛上

by itself 单独地;独立地



J

a traffic jam 交通堵塞

apply for a job 申请工作

a full-time / part-time job 全职 / 兼职工作

take / leave a job 接受 / 辞去工作

get / find a job as 找到一份做……的工作

do a good / poor job 工作做得好/不好

join sb (for sth) 和某人一起(做)某事

join sb in doing sth 和某人一起做某事

join sb to do sth 和某人一起做某事

join in 参加(比赛、活动等)

tell a joke 讲笑话

play a joke on sb 开某人的玩笑

You’re joking. / You must be joking. 你在开玩笑吧。

on the journey 旅途中

go on / take on a journey 旅行

to our joy 让我们高兴的是

judge ... by … 按照……评价……

jump over … 翻过……

jump into… 跳进……

jump up and down 跳来跳去

jump out of … 从……往外跳

high / long jump 跳高 / 跳远

junk food 垃圾食品

just as / like 就像,正如

just then 正在那时

just for sth 只是为了……

just to do sth 只为了做某事

just a minute / moment / second 稍等片刻

just about 几乎;差不多

just about to do sth 正要做某事;正准备做某事

just as 正当……时

just as ... as 就同……一样……

just before 刚好



K

keep fit 保持健康

keep sth away 远离……

keep (sb / sth) doing sth (使某人/某物)持续做某事

keep a diary 写日记

keep sb / sth from (doing) sth 阻止某人/某物(做)某事

keep going 尽力维持下去;坚持(活)下去

keep off 避开;(使)不接近

keep on (doing sth) 持续(做某事)

keep ... out (of) 遮挡;使……不进入

keep to 遵守;坚持

keep up 保持;继续

keep up with 跟上

key to (doing) sth ……是做某事的关键

kill time 消磨时间

all kinds of 各种各样的

kind of 有点儿;有几分

be kind (of sb) (to do sth) 表示感谢(某人)做某事

(be) kind to sb / sth 对……友好

fly a kite 放风筝

knocked at / on … 敲(门/窗)

knocked sth on sth 把……撞在……上

knock down 撞倒;拆除

knock into 撞在……上

knock over 打翻;撞倒

as we know 众所周知

be known as 以……而出名;被称作;被认为

be known for 因……而闻名

be known to 为……所熟知

I know 我知道;我理解

know about 了解

know of 知道;听说

you know 你知道;你要知道

gain knowledge  学到知识

have a good knowledge of 通晓……



L

land on 登上……

spoken / written / body language 口语 / 书面语 / 身势语

foreign language 外语

first / native language 母语

last but not least 最后但同样重要的

at last 最终;最后

too late 太晚;太迟

later on 以后;过后

no / not later than 不晚于;不迟于

sooner or later 迟早

laugh at 嘲笑;取笑

break the law 违法

lay the table 摆好餐具

lead to 导致

lead sb to do sth 致使某人做某事

lead a … life 过(……的生活)

in the lead 领先

learn (sth) from 从……中学习……

learn about / of 得知……

learn ... by heart 记熟;把……背下来

at (the) least 至少;起码

leave for 出发

leave sb / sth doing sth 让……一直做 / 持续……

leave a message 留口信

leave behind 把……丢在后面;留下;忘带

leave out 遗漏;冷落

(be) left over 剩下;留下

lend sb sth / lend sth to sb 借给某人某物

lend (sb) a hand 帮助(某人)

have / take a lesson (学生)上课

give a lesson (老师)上课

teach sb a lesson 给某人一个教训

less and less 越来越少 / 小

less (...) than 少于;不超过

let sb / sth do sth 让 / 允许……做……

let’s do sth 咱们做某事吧

let down 使失望;辜负

let off 饶恕;放过

let out 发出(声音等)

mail / post a letter 寄信

write / receive a letter 写 / 收信

get a letter from… 收到……来信

capital / small letter 大 / 小写字母

lie down 躺下

live a happy life 过着幸福的生活

way of life 生活方式

all one's life 一生

bring ...(back) to life 使……苏醒;使……复活

come to life 苏醒过来;变得活跃

give sb a lift 让……搭车

turn on / off a light 开 / 关灯

light music 轻音乐

light up 照亮;喜形于色

like (sb) doing / to do sth 喜欢(某人)做某事

would like (sb) to do sth 想要(某人)做某事

How do you like ...? 你(们)认为……怎么样?

I’d like to. 我愿意。

if you like 如果你愿意

feel / look / seem / sound like 感觉 / 看起来 / 听起来 / ……

What’s ... like? ……怎么样?

likes and dislikes 好恶

be likely to do sth 有可能做某事

time / speed limit 时间 / 速度限制

stand / wait / cut in line 站队 / 排队等候 / 插队

on line 在线;在网上

line up 排成行 / 队

a little [表示肯定含义]少量;有点儿

little by little 逐渐地;一点点地

live a ... life 过……生活

live by 靠……过活

live on 以……为食;靠……生活;继续存在

live through 经历……而幸存;度过

live together 在一起生活

living room 起居室;客厅

make a living 谋生

as / so long as 只要

before long 很快;不久

for (so) long 长久地;长时间地

no longer / not ... any longer 不再

long for 渴望……

long (for sb) to do sth 渴望(某人)做某事

look after 照顾;照看

look ahead 向前看;展望未来

look around / round 四下环顾;四处看看

look back 回头看;回忆;回顾

look down on / upon 轻视;看不起

look for 寻找

look forward to (doing) sth 盼望 / 期待(做)某事

look into 观察;调查

look out (for) 当心;提防

look over 检查;查看

look through 浏览

look up 抬头看;(在词典、计算机等中)查阅

look up to 钦佩;尊敬

lose interest / hope 失去兴趣 / 希望

lose one’s way 迷路;迷失方向

lose oneself in 专心于;全神贯注于

(be) lost in 沉浸于;专注于

a lot 大量;许多;[修饰动词]非常;经常;[修饰形容词、副词比较级]……得很;……得多

a lot of / lots of [接可数名词或不可数名词]很多;许多

parking lot 停车场

be in love (with) (与……)相爱;喜爱

fall in love (with) 爱上

love doing / to do sth 喜欢 / 热爱做某事

would love (...) to do sth 想要(……)做某事

Good luck to you! / Wish you good luck! 祝你好运!

(be) lucky to do sth 做某事很幸运

it is lucky (for sb) (that) 幸运的是



M


as a matter of fact 事实上;其实

no matter 无论;不管

it doesn’t matter 没关系;无所谓

mean (sb / sth) doing sth 意味着做某事

mean (sb / sth) to do sth 打算 / 有意做某事

mean sth to sb ……对某人意义重大

I mean 我(的意思)是说

What do you mean ...? 你是什么意思?

take measures 采取措施

meet with 会见;会晤;遭受;遭遇;获得

go to / attend a meeting 参加会议

have / hold an international meeting 举行国际会议

have a bad / good memory 记忆力差 / 好

in memory of sb 作为对某人的纪念;纪念某人

mention sth (to sb) 向 (某人) 提及某事

don’t mention it / you’re welcome 不用客气

mess up 弄脏;搞乱

get / receive a message 收到信息

send a message 发信息

method of / for … ……的方法

in the middle 在中间

middle school 中学

at midnight 半夜

millions of 数百万的;大量的

bear / keep ... in mind 将……记在心中;记住

change one’s mind 改变主意

come into / enter sb’s mind 掠过 / 进入某人的脑海

make up one’s mind / make one’s mind up 作出决定;下定决心

make up one’s mind to do sth 决定 /决心做某事

Would you mind if /Do you mind if 你介意……?

mind (sb) doing sth 介意 (某人) 做某事

never mind 不要紧;没关系

in a minute 马上;立刻

just / wait a minute 等一下

the last minute 最后一刻

miss the early train 赶不上早班火车

miss the chance 错过机会

miss doing sth 错过做/未完成某事

miss doing sth 怀念做某事

made a mistake 犯错误

by mistake 无意地;错误地

mistake ... for ... 错把……当成……

mix up 搅匀;使混合;混淆;弄混;弄乱

at that moment 就在那时

just (wait) a moment 稍等一下

the right moment 适当的时机

(at) any moment (now) 马上;立刻

at the moment 此刻;目前

for a moment 片刻;一会儿

for the moment 暂时;目前

in a moment 马上;立即

the moment (that) / as soon as 一…就…

make / earn money 赚钱

save money 省钱

in a good mood 心情愉快

a full moon 满月

more and more 越来越(多的 / 地)

more or less 或多或少;几乎;差不多

more than 多于……的;不止;[修饰动词、形容词]非常

no more 不再

no more than 仅仅

not more than 不超过

once more 再次

the more ..., the more ... 越……,就越……

what is more 更重要的是;更有甚者

at (the) most 至多;不超过

make the most of 充分利用

most of all 最重要的是;特别

move house / home 搬家

move about / around 四处走动;经常搬动

move in 搬进新居

move on 继续前进

move out 搬出去;迁出

as much 同等;一样

as much as 像……那么多;多达

as much ... as 和……同样多的;和……一样

as much as sb can / could (do) 尽某人最大努力

not / nothing much 没什么

so much for… ……到此为止

if you must (do sth) 如果你一定要(做某事)

a piece of music 一首乐曲

by myself 自己



N

first / given name 名

last / family name 姓

name ... after 以……的名字命名

a national park 国家公园

a national newspaper 全国性的报纸

the natural world 自然界

natural resources 自然资源

it is natural to do sth 做某事很自然/很正常

in nature 在自然界中

the forces of nature 大自然的力量

by nature 天生地;出于本性地

in the near future 在不久的将来

not nearly 根本不;远不及

it is necessary (for sb) to do sth (某人)有必要做某事

make it necessary (for sb) to do sth 使(某人)必须做某事

be necessary for (doing) sth ……对(做)某事是必须的

if necessary 如果必要的话

when necessary 必要时

need ... for ……需要……

need (sb) to do sth 需要(某人)做某事

need doing / to be done 某事需要做

(there’s) no need (for sb) to do sth (某人)没必要做某事

be in need of 需要

meet / satisfy sb’s needs 满足某人的需要

in need 在困难中;在困境中

Me neither. 我也不(……)

neither ... nor ... 既不……也不……

get / feel nervous 感到紧张

be nervous about / of sth 对……感到紧张

a fishing net 渔网

Never say die. 永不言败

be new to 新接触

a piece of news 一则新闻

news about /on / of 有关……的新闻

No news is good news. 没有消息就是好消息

in the newspaper 在报纸上

daily / weekly newspaper 日 / 周报

next time 下次

next week /month 下周 / 下个月

the next day 第二天

next to 紧挨着

nice work 干得好

(be) nice to do sth 很高兴做某事

(be) nice doing sth 很高兴做某事

be nice to sb/sth 对……友好

it’s nice of sb to do sth 某人真好做某事

in / during the night 在夜里

at night 在夜里

all night (long) 整夜

there’s no doing sth 不可能做某事

nod to / at sb 向某人点头

give a nod 点头

make a noise 出声

none of 都不

not ... nor ... 不……也不……

it’s normal to do sth 做某事很正常

go back / return to normal 恢复正常

keep one's nose out of sth 某人不该管某事

I hope not 希望不是

I’m afraid not 恐怕不是

not ... but 不是……而是

make a note of 记下

take / make notes 记笔记

take note of 注意到;将……铭记在心

note down 记下;记录

know nothing about 对……一窍不通

for nothing 免费地;徒劳地

have nothing to do with 和……无关

nothing but 除……以外什么也不;只是;仅仅

nothing like 完全不像;完全不

take no notice 没有注意

take notice of sth 注意……

notice sb do sth 注意某人做某事

notice sb doing sth 注意某人正在做某事

(every) now and then 时而;偶尔

for now 目前;暂时

from now on 从现在起

just now 刚才;此时;目前

now that 既然;由于

up to now / until now / till now 迄今为止

in large numbers 大量地

a number of 许多

the number of ……的数量



O

object to … 反对……

be off 离开

take sth off 脱下某物

ask for / take a day off 请 / 休假一天

offer to do sth 主动提出做某事

offer … for … 出价……买……

accept / refuse an offer 接受 / 拒绝提议

special offers 特价优惠

at / in an office 在办公室

post / ticket office 邮局 / 售票处

police officer 警官

very / quite often 经常;常常

how old …? ……多大?

get / grow old 变老

in the old days 在以往的岁月

Olympic Games / the Olympics 奥林匹克运动会

once a week 一周一次

all at once 突然

at once 立刻;马上

once again / once more 再一次

(every) once in a while 偶尔;间或

once or twice 一两次;几次

one or two 一两个;几个

one by one 逐个地;依次地

an only child 独生子女

if only 但愿;如果……就好了

not only ... but (also) 不但……而且

open sb’s eyes 使某人长见识 / 开眼界 / 认清事实

open up 展现;开发;开辟

in the open 在野外

opening hours 营业时间

Beijing Opera 京剧

go to the opera 去听歌剧

have an operation on … 接受手术

express / give an opinion 表达主张

opinion about / on … 对……的看法

in sb’s opinion 在某人看来

on the opposite side of … 在……对面

in the right / correct order 按照正确的顺序

in order 按顺序;整齐;正常

in order that 为了;以便

in order to 为了

out of order 次序颠倒;发生故障

follow / obey orders 服从命令

order sb to do sth 命令某人做某事

place an order 订购

organize a meeting / party / trip 安排会议 / 聚会 / 旅行

the other / one’s other + 单数名词 (两个中) 另一的

one’s other / the other + 复数名词 另外的;其他的

the other (两个中) 另一人 / 物

the others (多个中) 其余的人 / 物

ought to do sth 应该……

by ourselves 我们自己做

out of 从……中 (出去);在……(范围) 之外;脱离 (某状态)

outdoor activities 户外活动

outside world 外面的世界

all over 到处;各处

(all) over again 再一遍;重新

over and over (again) 反复;再三

of one’s own 属于自己的

on one’s own 独自地;独立地



P


a pack of 一包 / 一盒

pack up 把……打包;收拾(行李)

a package of 一包

turn to page 翻到第……页

a web page 网页

have a pain in (某部位)痛

Wet paint! 油漆未干!

a pair of glasses / trousers / chopsticks 一副眼镜 / 一条裤子 / 一双筷子

in pairs 成对地;两人一组地

a piece of paper 一张纸

I beg your pardon 对不起;打扰一下;请再说一遍

pardon sb for (doing) sth 原谅某人(做)某事

play a (...) part (in) (在……中)起 (……)作用

take part in 参加;参与

part with (不情愿地)放弃 / 舍弃

be particular about 对……很挑剔

in particular 尤其;特别

give / have / hold a party 举办聚会

at a party 在聚会上

pass away 去世

pass by 经过

pass through 穿过;通过

pass sb sth / pass sth to sb 递给某人某物

pass around / round 分发;传阅

pass down 把……传下去

pass on 传递

pass out 分发;昏倒

be patient with 对……有耐心

paid the bill 结账

pay sb sth 支付某人

pay for sth 购买某物

pay sth for sth 为……支付……

pay sb for (doing) sth 为(做)某事支付某人费用

pay back 偿还;报答

pay off 还清(欠债等);取得成功

pay a visit to 参观

pay attention to 注意

low / high pay 低 / 高薪

at peace 处于和平 / 平静状态

in peace 和平地;安宁地

make (one’s) peace with 同……言归于好

give a performance 表演;演出

good / poor performance 表现优异 / 不佳

ask permission 请求许可

without permission 未经许可

in person 亲自

a cell / mobile phone 手机

make a phone call 打电话

answer the phone 接电话

(be) on the phone 在打电话

take a photo of sb 为某人拍照

play the piano 弹钢琴

pick one’s words 用词谨慎

pick on 欺负;故意刁难

pick out 选出;拣出

pick up 拿起;(用车)接;购买;整理

go on / for a picnic 去野餐

take one’s picture / take a picture of sb 给某人照相

picture sb doing sth 想象某人做某事

(be) in pieces 散架

a piece of news / music 一则新闻 / 一首曲子

two pieces of paper / wood 两张纸 / 两块木头

What a pity! 真可惜!

out of pity 出于怜悯

have pity on 对……有同情心

it's a pity that … 真遗憾……

all over the place 到处

win a place 获得资格

win first / second place 获得第一 / 第二名

in place 在适当的位置;准备妥当

in place of sb / sth 代替某人 / 物

take place 发生;举行

take the place of sb / sth 代替(某人 / 某物)

place an order 下订单

place an advertisement 登广告

plan to do sth 打算做某事

make a plan for 为……做打算

by plane 乘飞机

play basketball / volleyball 打篮球 / 排球

play the piano / violin 弹钢琴 / 拉小提琴

play cards / chess 玩纸牌 / 下国际象棋

play against 与……比赛

play a part in (在……中)扮演

play with 玩;玩弄

a football player 足球运动员

a music player 音乐播放器

in / on the playground 在操场上

Would / Could / Will you please 请您……可以吗?

(be) pleased to do sth 很高兴做某事

(be) pleased about / for / with 对……很满意

take pleasure in 喜欢做……;做……感到快乐

have the pleasure of (doing) sth 有幸 (做) 某事

for pleasure 作为消遣

it’s a pleasure / my pleasure 别客气;没什么

with pleasure 高兴地;非常乐意

plenty of 相当多的;充足的

have a point 抓住要点;有道理

there is no point in doing sth 做某事没有用

point at / to / towards sb / sth 指向某人 / 某物

point sth at sb / sth 瞄准某人 / 某物

point out 把……指出来(给看);指出;指明

be polite to 对……有礼貌

air / noise / water pollution 空气 / 噪音 / 水污染

(be) poor at doing 不擅长做某事

(be) in poor health 身体不好

be popular with / among 为……喜欢;受……欢迎

it is possible (for sb) to do sth (某人)做某事是有可能的

make / find / consider ... it possible (for sb) to do sth 使 / 觉得 / 认为(某人)做某事是有可能的

as ... as possible 尽可能……地

if possible 如果可能的话

when(ever) possible 一有可能

the post office 邮局

post sb sth / post sth to sb 寄给某人某物

post ...on ... 在……张贴 / 公布……

pour ...into… 把……倒入……

pour out of 从……涌出

pour down (雨)倾盆而下

solar power 太阳能

a power station 发电站

put ... into practice 把……付诸实践

practice doing sth 练习做某事

praise sb / sth for (doing) sth 因为(做)某事称赞某人

prefer to do / doing sth 更喜欢做某事

prefer (doing) sth to (doing) sth 与(做)某事相比更愿意(做)某事

prefer sb / sth to do sth 更愿意某人或某物做某事

make preparations for 为……做准备

prepare (sb / sth) for sb / sth 为某人 / 某物做准备

prepare to do sth 准备去做某事

present sth to sb / present sb with sth 颁给某人某物

at present 现在;目前

be present at 出席

blood pressure 血压

pretend to do sth 假装做某事

prevent sb / sth (from) doing sth 阻止某人 / 某物做某事

at a high / low price 以高 / 低价

a sense of pride 自豪感

take (a) pride in (doing) sth 为(做)某事感到自豪

with pride 自豪地

a primiary school 小学

in private 私下地

win first prize 获得一等奖

have problems doing sth 做某事有困难

no problem 没问题;不客气

make progress 取得进步

break one’s promise 违背承诺

make a promise 作出承诺

keep one’s promise 信守承诺

promise to do sth 答应做某事

promise sb sth / promise sth to sb 答应某人某事

protect (sb / sth) against sth 保护(某人 / 某物)免于某物

protect sb / sth from (doing) sth 保护某人 / 某物免于(做)某事

(be) proud of 对……感到自豪

(be) proud to do sth 做某事感到自豪

provide sth for sb 提供某人某物

provide sb with sth 提供某人某物

provide for 抚养;供养

in public places 在公共场所

in public 当众;公开地

pull down 拆毁;拆掉

pull over (使)停靠在路边

pull sb’s leg 开某人的玩笑;诓骗某人

pull together 同心协力

punish sb for (doing) sth 因为 (做) 某事惩罚某人

on purpose 故意地;有意地

push sb to do sth 敦促 / 逼迫某人做某事

push sb into (doing) sth 敦促 / 逼迫某人(做)某事

push on 继续前进;继续(做某事)

push over 推倒

put aside 把……放在一边;把……撇开不理

put away 把……收起(放回原处);放好

put back 把……放回原处

put down 放下;写下

put forward 提出(建议等)

put into 把……投入;(使)进入……(状态)

put off 推迟;延期

put on 穿上;增加;上演(戏剧等)

put out 熄灭;扑灭;伸出

put up 举起;张贴(布告、相片等);建造(房屋等);搭建

put up with 忍受;容忍



Q

quarrel with sb 与某人争吵

quarrel about sth 争吵某事

a quarter of 四分之一

three quarters of 四分之三

ask sb a question 问某人一个问题

answer one's questions 回答某人的问题

be quick 快点

Keep / Be quiet! 保持安静!

quite a few 很多



R

win the race 赢得比赛

bike / car racing 自行车赛 / 汽车赛

racing car 赛车

listen to the radio 听广播

railway station 火车站

heavy / light rain 大 / 小雨

in the rain 在雨中

rain heavily / hard 下大雨

raise one's hand 举手

raise one's voice 提高嗓音

raise the price of sth 提价

raise money 筹钱

rapid development 快速发展

make rapid progress 进步很快

birth rate 出生率

at a rate of 以……速度

rather than 而不

would rather ... (than) 宁愿 / 宁可……(而不)

reached for 伸手够……

reached out 伸出手

reach one's goal 实现目标

reach an agreement 达成协议

out of reach 够不到

read a magazine / newspaper 看杂志 / 报纸

read sb sth / read sth to sb 给某人读……

read about / of sth 读到;看到……

read out 大声读出;宣读

be / get ready for 为……做好准备

be / get ready to do sth 准备好做某事

be ready to do sth 乐于做某事

in real life 实际生活中

the real world 现实世界

not really 不是

reason for (doing) sth (做)某事的理由

for some reason 不知什么原因

receive sth from sb / sth 从……收到……

in recent years 近年来

keep a record of sth 记录……

hold / break the world record 保持 / 打破世界纪录

set up a new world record 创造一项新的世界纪录

a personal record 个人履历

turn/ go red 变红

in red 穿红衣服

refer to 指的是;查阅;参考

refuse to do sth 拒绝做某事

regard* 把……看作;认为……是

be regarded as 被视为是

regret doing sth 后悔做了某事

regret to say / tell … 很遗憾地说 / 告诉……

have no regrets about 不后悔……

regular customer 老顾客 / 常客

be related to 与……相关

have a close relationship with 与……有密切关系

remember doing sth 记得曾做过某事

remember to do sth 记着要做某事

be remembered for 因……而著名

remind sb about / of 提醒某人……

remind sb to do sth 提醒某人做某事

remove … from … 从……移除……

under repair 正在修理

reply to 回应……

reply with 用……回答

report sth to sb 向某人报告某事

report on sth 报道某事

report (sb / sth) doing sth 报告……做过……

it is reported that … 据报道……

give / make a report on 作一个有关……的报告

require doing / to be done 需要做某事

require sb to do sth 要求某人做某事

research on / into 有关……的研究

do research 做研究

have / take a good rest 好好休息一下

the rest of one's life 余生

as a result (of) 作为(……的)结果

result from 因……发生;随……产生

result in 造成;导致

return to 返回 / 重回

return … to … 把……还给……

in return (for) 作为(……的)回报

good reviews 好评

the rich 富人

rich in 富含

get rid of 除去;摆脱

go for a ride 兜风

give sb a ride 搭车

it is right do sth 做某事是对的

right now 现在;立刻;马上

right away 立刻;马上

right and wrong 是与非

on the right of 在……右边

have the right to do sth 有权利做某事

ring back 再打电话;回电话

ring up sb / ring sb up 打电话(给)

give sb a ring 给某人打电话

rise by 上涨……

on the rise 正在上涨

at risk 处于危险境地

at risk of 面临……危险

risk doing sth 冒险做某事

rock climbing 攀岩

a rock band 摇滚乐队

plays the role of 扮演……角色

play an important role in 在……中起重要作用

living / sitting room 客厅

double / single room 双人间 / 单人间

make room for 给……腾出空间/余地

a jump rope 跳绳

round trip 往返旅行

go round 运转

all (the) year round 全年

a row of 一排

in a row 排成一行;连续地

go for a row 去划船

be rude to sb 对某人粗鲁/不礼貌

break class / traffic rules 违反班规 /交通规则

against rules 违反规则

follow / obey rules 遵守规则

run across 偶然碰见

run after 追赶;追求

run away (from) (从……)逃走;逃避

run into 撞上;偶然遇见;遇到(困难等)

run out (of) 用完;耗尽

run over 撞倒;碾过

in / over the long run 从长远看

there is no rush 不用急

rush hour 高峰时间



S

it’s sad that 令人悲哀的是

safe and sound 安然无恙

for sale 待售

on sale 在销售;廉价出售

yard sale 旧物出售 (指将家里的旧家具、旧衣物等摆在自家的院子里出售)

table / common salt 食用盐

the same … as 相同的……

much the same 几乎一样

the same as 同样的……

all / just the same 仍然;依然;照样

(the) same to you 我也同样祝福你

(be) satisfied with 对……满意

save sb / sth from (doing) ... 把某人 / 某物从 (做) ……中救出

save up for 攒钱做

say to oneself 心里想;自言自语

it is said (that) ... 据说……

that is to say 也就是说

as the saying goes 常言道

be scared of 害怕

a middle / primary school 中 / 小学

attend / go to school 去上学

(be) at / in school 在上课;在上学

a language school 语言学校

a pair of scissors 一把剪刀

on the screen 在屏幕上

at sea 在海上;在海上航行

by sea 由海路;乘船

by the sea 在海边

search (sth) for 搜寻

in search of 寻找;寻求

high / low season 旺 / 淡季

have / take a seat 坐下

take one’s seat 就座

seat oneself 使坐下;使就座

Every second counts. 一寸光阴一金。

wait a second 等一会儿

keep a secret 保密

the secret to (doing) sth (做) 某事的秘诀

in secret 秘密地;私下地

keep sth secret (from sb) 将某事 (对某人) 保密

see sb / sth do sth 看到某人 / 某物做某事

see sb / sth doing sth 看到某人 / 某物正在做某事

see sb / sth done 看到某人 / 某物被……

see a doctor 看医生

let me see / let’s see 让我 (们) 看看;让我 (们) 想想

see off 为……送行

see you (later) 再见

you see 你看;你知道

seem like 好像

seem to do sth 似乎 / 好像要做某事

sell sb sth / sell sth to sb 卖给某人某物

sell sth for 以…… (的价格) 出售某物

sell out / be sold out 售完

send sb’s love / best wishes 送上某人的问候 / 祝福

send sb sth / send sth to sb 发送给某人某物

send sb to some place 把某人送往某地

send sb to do sth 派遣某人做某事

send away 解雇;把……打发走

send for 派人去叫

send out 发出 (光、信号、声音等);送出

sense of sight / hearing / taste / touch 视 / 听 / 味 / 触觉

sense of direction / satisfaction 方向感 / 成就感

make sense 讲得通;有道理;易于理解

be separated into 被分为

be separated from 被与……分离

a series of 一连串的;一系列的

TV series 电视连续剧

serious accident / illness 严重的事故 / 重病

be serious about 对……严肃/认真

take sb / sth seriously 认真对待某人 /某事

serve as 充当;担任

service area / station (高速公路旁的) 服务区 / 服务站

set a good example 树立好榜样

set a new world record 创造一项新的世界纪录

set about (doing) sth 开始 (做) 某事;着手 (做) 某事

set off/out 出发;动身

set aside 留出

set down 记下;放下

set up 设立;建立;创建

several of sb 几个人

shake head 摇头

shake with anger 气得发抖

shake hands with sb / shake one's hand 与某人握手

What a shame! 真遗憾!

in the shape of ……的形状

in good / bad shape 身体健康 / 不健康;状态好 / 不好

in shape 健康状况好

keep / stay in shape 保持健康

out of shape 变形的;走样的;不健康的

share sth with sb 与某人分享 / 分担某物

a pair of shoes 一双鞋

(be) in sb’s shoes 处于某人的境地

(be) short of 缺乏;不足

(be) short for 为……的缩写 / 简称

in short 总之;简言之

should have done sth 本应该做某事

shouldn’t have done sth 本不应该做某事

shout (out) for 大声呼喊

shout at / to 对……大喊

shout out 大声说出

show sb sth / show sth to sb 给某人看某物

show sb sth 给某人指路

show sth to sb / show sb sth 给某人示范某物

show sb around / round (sth) 带领某人参观 (某地)

show sb sth / show sth for / to sb 向某人表达 / 流露

show off 卖弄;炫耀

show up 出席;到场

take / have a shower 洗澡 / 淋浴

shut off 关掉

shut up 闭嘴;住口

get sick 生病

be sick of  厌倦

from side to side 从一边到另一边

side by side 肩并肩地

lost one's sight 失明

out of sight 从视野中消失

road / traffic sign 道路 / 交通标志

sign up (for) 报名参加 (课程等);登记注册

sign language (聋哑人的) 手语

(be) similar to 和……相似

since then 从那时起

ever since 从那时起

sing sth to sb / sing sb sth 给 / 为某人唱……

single room 单人间

sit in / on a chair 坐在椅子上

sit about / around 闲坐;无所事事地坐着

sit down 坐下

sit up 坐着;坐起来

a light / deep sleep 浅 / 熟睡

get some sleep 睡一会儿

(be) slow to do sth 做某事慢吞吞的

(be) slow (in) doing sth 做某事有点慢 / 迟钝

slow down 放慢

smart phone 智能手机

smell sth doing 闻到某物……

sense of smell 嗅觉

have a smell of 闻一闻

smile at 对……微笑

There is no smoke without fire 无风不起浪/事出有因

heavy snow 大雪

and so on 等等

or so 大约

so as to 为了

so ... as to 如此……以至于

so ... that 如此……以至于

so (that) 为了;以便;所以;结果

so what? 那又怎么样?

rich / poor soil 肥沃的 / 贫瘠的土壤

some more 再多点;再多些

someone else 别人

something else 别的事情

pop songs 流行歌曲

See you soon! 再见!

as soon as 一……就

sooner or later 迟早;早晚

(be) sorry for (doing) / about sth 为(做)……抱歉

(be) sorry to do sth 很抱歉做某事

(be) sorry about sth / for sb 同情……

(be) sorry to do sth 对……表示同情

(be) sorry to do sth 很遗憾做某事

sorts of 各种

turn the sound down / up 把音量调低 / 高一点儿

sound like 似乎

sound as if / though 听起来好像

space travel / a space station 太空旅行 / 太空站

speak of 谈到;提及

speak up 大声说

make / give a speech 发表演讲

speed up (使)加速

at a speed of 以……速度

spend ... on (doing) sth 把钱花在 (做)……上

spend ... on sth 把时间花在……

spend ... (in) doing sth 花时间做某事

in high spirits 情绪高昂

in spite of 不管;尽管

a sports meet / meeting 运动会

spread out 伸展;摊开;分散

collect stamps 集邮

stand in line 排队

can’t stand (sb / sth) doing sth 不能容忍 (某人 / 某物) 做某事

stand by 袖手旁观

stand by sb 支持某人

stand for 代表;象征

stand on one’s own (two) feet 自立;独立自主

stand up 站起来;起立

film / sport star 电影 / 体育明星

five-star hotel 五星级宾馆

start to do sth 开始做某事

start doing sth 开始做某事

start off / out 出发;启程

to start with 首先;起初;一开始

for a start 首先;第一

bus / train station 公共汽车 / 火车站

police / fire / TV station 警察局 / 消防站 / 电视台

stay away from 远离

stay in (晚上) 待在家里

stay on 留下来继续 (工作 / 学习)

stay out 待在户外;夜不归宿

stay up 熬夜

(be / get) stuck in 卡住;陷入

stick out 伸出;突出

stick to 坚持;固守

stop doing sth 停止正在做的事

stop to do sth 停下来去做某事

stop sb / sth (from) doing sth 阻止某人/某物 (做) 某事

full stop 句号

a book store 书店

bedtime story 睡前故事

it’s a long story 说来话长

a straight line / road 直线 / 笔直的路

be strange to sb 某人不熟悉…… / 某人对……陌生

in / on the main street 在主街上

down the street 沿着街道

all the strength 全身的力气

strengths and weaknesses 强项和弱项

(be) strict with sb 对某人严格

(be) strict about sth 对某事严格

strong winds 狂风

struggle with / against 与……斗

a high school student 中学生

make a study 开展一项研究

it is stupid of sb to do sth 某人做某事是愚蠢的

change the subject 转移话题

take / ride the subway 乘地铁

by subway 乘地铁

succeed in (doing) sth 成功地 (做) 某事

achieve success 取得成功

a great success 成功的人

a big success 大获成功

(be) successful in (doing) sth 做某事很成功

such ... as 像……这样 / 那样

such ... that 如此……以至于

such 这样的人 / 事物

such as 诸如;例如

all of a sudden 突然;冷不防

suffer … from … 饱受……困扰

suggest doing sth 提议做某事

suggest (that) sb (should) do sth 建议某人做某事

it is suggested that sb (should) do sth 建议某人 (应该) 做某事

make a suggestion 提一个建议

suggestion on /about / for 关于……的建议

suggestion (is) that sb (should) do sth 建议是 (某人) 应该做某事

suit ... to 使…适合

summer holiday 暑假

in the sun 在阳光下

on Sunday 在周日

have supper 吃晚餐

a large supply of 大量供应……

supply sth to sb / supply sb with sth 提供某人某物

support sb in (doing) sth 支持某人 (做) 某事

in support of 支持;证明

(be) supposed to be / to do sth 被认为 / 被当作;应该 / 理应做某事

(be) sure about / of sth 对某事确定

(be) sure to do sth 一定会做某事

(be) sure (not) to do sth 一定 (不要) 做某事

for sure 肯定地;毫无疑问地

make sure 弄清;查明;设法确保

sure of oneself 自信;自以为是

go surfing 冲浪

surf the Internet / Net 上网/看电视

What a surprise! 真想不到!

in / with surprise 惊奇地

take sb by surprise 使某人吃惊

to sb’s surprise / to the surprise of sb 使某人吃惊的是

(be) surprised at / by sb / sth 对某人 / 某事感到吃惊

(be) surprised to do sth 做某事感到吃惊

carry out a survey 做调查

a swimming pool / suit 游泳池 / 衣



T


lay / set the table 摆放餐具

play table tennis 打兵乓球

take sb / sth with sb 某人携带……

take sb sth / take sth to sb 把……带给某人

take sb / sth to sth 把某人 / 某物带到……

take sb to do sth 带某人去做某事

take a bath / walk 洗澡 / 散步

take a look 看一看

take a rest 歇一会

take after (外貌或行为等) 像 (长辈)

take apart 拆开

take away 拿走;带走;买外卖食物

take down 拆除;写下

take in 吸入

take off 脱下(衣、帽等) / (飞机等) 起飞

take on 接受 (工作)

take out 把……带出去

take up 开始 (从事);占用

it takes (sb) sth to do sth (某人) 花……时间做某事

take sb's advice 接受某人的建议

take notes / a photo 记笔记 / 照相

talk (to / with sb) (about sb / sth) 跟(某人)谈论(……)

talk back 顶嘴;回嘴

have a talk 谈一谈

have a sweet / bitter / salty taste 有甜 / 苦 / 咸味

sense of taste 味觉

have a taste for 喜欢

take a taxi 乘坐出租车

call / order a taxi 叫出租车

afternoon tea 下午茶

teach sb sth / teach sth to sb 教某人某事

teach sb about sth 教给某人关于……的知识

teach sb (how) to do sth 教给某人 (如何) 做……

teach sb to do sth 教导某人做……

information technology 信息技术

high technology 高科技

by telephone / over the telephone 通过电话

on the telephone 在打电话

make a telephone call 打电话

turn on / off a television 打开 / 关上电视

watch television 看电视

tell a lie / a story / a joke 说谎 / 讲故事 / 讲笑话

tell sb sth / tell sth to sb 告诉某人某事

tell sb about sth 告诉某人关于……的事

tell sb to do sth 嘱咐某人做某事

tell the difference between 分清

take one's temperature 量体温

in terms of 从……方面来讲;就……而言

pass / fail a test 通过 / 没通过考试

text message 短信

thank sb for (doing) sth 为 (做) 某事感谢某人

Thanks a lot. 多谢。

thanks to 幸亏;由于

(be) thankful for sth 对……怀有感激之情

go to the theatre 去看戏

theme park 主题公园

just then 就在那时

from then on 从那时起

over there 在那里

think to oneself 心里想

think about 思考;考虑

think of 考虑;关心 / 想出;想起

think of ... as ... 把……看作……;认为……是……

think over 仔细考虑

think up 想出

thirsty for 渴望

even though 即使;虽然

at the thought of 一想起…… (就)

thousands of 成千上万的;大量的

halfway through (sth) (某事或某时段的) 中途

get through 过去

throw sb sth / throw sth to sb 把……抛给某人

throw sth at sb / sth 把……抛向某人

throw a party 举办一次聚会

throw away 扔掉;浪费

throw off 匆匆脱掉 (衣服);摆脱

throw oneself into 扑倒在……上

throw out 抛出;扔掉

film / train ticket 电影 / 火车票

return ticket 往返票

single / one-way ticket 单程票

ticket office / machine 售票处 / 自动售票机

tidy (up) 整理

tie up 系紧;拴牢

it is time for sth / (for sb) to do sth 该 (某人) 做某事的时候了

for the first time 第一次

ahead of time 提前;提早

all the time 一直;始终

at a time 一次;同时

at all times 随时;总是

(at) any time 在任何时候;随时

at the same time 同时

at times 有时;间或

by the time 到……时 (为止)

every time 每次;每当

from time to time 有时;不时

have a ... time 过得……

in no time 立即;马上

in time 及时

on time 按时;准时

once upon a time 从前

over time 渐渐地;慢慢地

take your time 别着急;慢慢来

time after time / time and (time) again 一再;反复

(be) tired of sb / (doing) sth 厌倦某人 / (做) 某事

back to back 背靠背

face to face 面对面

together with 和

the day after tomorrow 后天

too + adj / adv + (for sb / sth) to do sth 太…… (某人 / 物) 而不能做某事

all too 太

can’t / can never ... too ... 怎么……也不过分;越……越好

on top 在上面;领先地

on top of 在……之上;除……之外

in total 总共;总计

(be) in touch (with sb) (与某人) 有联系

get in touch (with sb) (与某人) 取得联系

keep / stay in touch (with sb) (与某人) 保持联系

lose touch (with sb) (与某人) 失去联系

tour guide 导游

international trade 国际贸易

heavy traffic 拥堵的交通

traffic jam 交通堵塞

translate into 翻译成

public transport 公共交通工具

treat sb like / as 把某人当做…看待

treat sb to 用……招待某人;以……款待某人

go on a trip 去旅行

take a trip 去旅行

a day / business trip 一日游 / 出差

cause trouble 惹麻烦

have trouble doing sth 做某事有困难

have trouble with sth / sb 做某事有困难 / 与某人有矛盾

get (sb) into trouble (使某人) 陷入困境;(使某人) 惹上麻烦

in trouble 处于困境中

take the trouble to do sth 费力做某事;不辞辛劳地做某事

come true 实现;成为现实

a true story 真实的故事

Yours truly [用于书信结尾、签名之前] 你忠实的

in truth 事实上;的确

to tell (you) the truth 说实话;老实说

try to do sth 尽力去做

try doing sth 尝试去做

try on 试穿

try one’s best (to do sth) 尽最大努力 (做某事)

try out 试验

turn around 转身;转变

turn away 把……转过去

turn back (使) 往回走

turn down 关小;调低 (音量等) /拒绝

turn into (使) 变成;(使) 成为

turn off 关 (水、煤气、电灯等)

turn on 开 (水、煤气、电灯等)

turn out 原来 (是);证明 (是);结果 (是)

turn over (使) 翻转;翻过 (书页)

turn to 求助于;转向

turn up 开大 (声音等) / 出现

twice a day / week 一天 / 一周两次

blood type 血型



U

(be) unable to do sth 不能/不会做某事

by underground 乘地铁

underground station 地铁站

a good understanding of 对……很了解

(be) unhappy about / at (doing) sth 对 (做) 某事不开心

(be) unhappy with sb / sth 对……不开心/不满意

school uniform 校服

Students’ Union 学生会

go to university 上大学

it’s unlucky to do sth 不幸做某事

not ... until ... 直到……才……

it’s unusual to do sth 做某事是不寻常的

get up 起床

go up (数量、价格等) 上升

walk up to 朝……走去

Time’s up. 时间到了。

be up to sb 由某人决定

up and down 上上下下;前前后后

up to 直到;达到;最多有

go up a hill 登山

walk up the road 沿着路走

(be) upset about / at / by sth 苦恼于……

use sth for (doing) sth 用某物来 (做) ……

use sth for as sth 把某物用作……

use sth to do sth 使用某物做某事

use up 用光;耗尽

come into use 开始被使用

in use 正在使用

it / there is no use doing sth 做某事没有用 / 意义

make (full / good) use of (充分) 利用

of (no) use (没) 有用的

be / get used to (doing) sth 适应 (做) ……

a used car 二手车

as usual 像平常一样;照例

be useful to do sth 做某事是有益的

be useful to sb ……对某人有益



V

have / take a vacation 休假

summer vacation 暑假

go on (a) vacation 度假

good value 很划算

(be) of value 有价值的;有用的

be of great value to sb 对某人非常有用

a variety of 种种;各种各样的

green vegetables 绿色蔬菜

win a victory 获得胜利

watch a video 观看录像

make a video 拍摄录像

video camera 摄像机

video games 电子游戏

in one's view 依某人看

a violent film 暴力影片

a violent storm 猛烈的暴风雨

pay a visit to 参观;访问;拜访

at the top of one's voice 扯开嗓门



W

keep sb waiting (尤指因迟到) 让人等候

wait for sb / sth 等待某人 / 某物

wait to do sth 等着做某事

wait for sb / sth to do sth 等待某人 / 某物做某事

can’t wait (to do sth) 等不及 (做某事)

wait a minute / moment / second 等一下

wait and see [用于叫某人耐心等待事情的结果] 等着瞧

wake up 醒;叫醒

walk a dog 遛狗

walk off 离开;走开

walk up (to) 走近

have / take a walk 散步

go (out) for a walk 去散步

want to do sth 想要做某事

want sb / sth to do sth 想要某人 / 某物做某事

World War Ⅱ 第二次世界大战

a warm welcome 热烈欢迎

warm up (使) 变暖;热身;预热

warn (sb) about / of sth 提醒 (某人) 某事

warn (sb) against (doing) sth 告诫 (某人) 不要 (做) 某事

warn sb to do sth 提醒某人做某事

wash up 洗餐具;洗手或洗脸

wash away 冲掉;冲走;消除……的影响

do the washing 洗衣服

waste ... on 浪费……在……上

waste ... (in) doing sth 浪费……做某事

watch sb / sth do / doing sth 注视 / 观看某人 / 某物做某事

watch sb / sth done 看着……被……

watch out (for) 当心(……);小心(……)

running / fresh water 自来水/淡水

all the way 一直;自始至终;完全地

by the way 顺便说;顺便一提

get in the way of 阻止 (某事) 发生

in a / one way 在某种程度上

in sb’s way 妨碍某人

in the way 挡道

in this / that way 以这种 / 那种方式

lose one’s way 迷路

make one’s way 前进

no way 决不;不行

on the / sb’s way 在……的路上

out of the way 不挡道;不碍事

at / on the weekend 在周末

put on / lose weight 增加体重 / 减肥

welcome sb to 欢迎某人到……

be welcome to do sth 可以随意做某事

You’re welcome! 别客气;不用谢!

a speech of welcome 欢迎辞

Well done! 干得好!真棒!

as well 也;还

as well as 和;也;除……之外

what (...) for 为什么

what if 如果……会怎样

whether … or not 是否 / 不管…… (还是)

for a while 一会儿

why not 为什么不

be willing to do sth 愿意做某事

win a game 赢得比赛

win or lose 不管输赢

win a gold medal 获得金牌

win sb’s heart / win the heart of sb 赢得某人的爱

in (the) winter 在冬天

wish to do sth 希望做某事

wish sb to do sth 希望某人做某事

make a wish 许个愿

Women’s Day 妇女节

wonder about / at (对……) 感到惊讶

I wonder / was wondering if / whether ... [礼貌的请求] (我) 不知是否

(it is) no wonder (that) ……不足为奇;难怪……

word by / for word 逐字地

Actions speak louder than words. 行动胜于言辞。/ 事实胜于雄辩。/ 行胜于言。

break one’s word 失信;食言

keep one’s word 遵守诺言

have a word (with) (与……) 谈一谈

in a word 总之;简言之;一句话

in other words 也就是说;换句话说

work on 从事;致力于

work out 算出;总共达;解决;制定 (出)

go to work 上班

at work 在工作;在运转

Nice work! 干得好!

out of work 失业

in the world 在世界上;究竟

all over the world 全世界

(be) worried about … 担心 / 忧虑……

worry about / over 担心/忧虑……

worse and worse 越来越坏;每况愈下

worst of all 最糟糕的是

(be) worth doing sth 值得做某事

write (to) sb 给某人写信

write back 回信

write down 写下;记下

It is wrong of / for sb to do sth 某人做某事是不对的

There is something wrong with ……出了故障

What’s wrong with ...? ……怎么了?



Y

yard sale 旧货出售

all (the) year round 一年到头

year after year 年复一年

year by year 年年;逐年

for years 很长时间

the day before yesterday 前天

not yet 还没

Yours Truly [用于信尾] 您忠实的

Enjoy yourself! 玩得开心!



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